Fewer immigrants do not rhyme with better integration
“When there is a good pool of immigrants in a country, it is easier for them to find a job and learn the language,” says Julia Posca, sociologist and researcher at IRIS.
Author of a technical data sheet published Wednesday, Ms. Posca deconstructs the argument of Prime Minister Caquist François Legault, who repeats since the election campaign that immigrants to Quebec, it is necessary “to take less, but take care.”
“When there is a good immigrant pool in a country, it’s easier for them to find a job and learn the language”
– Julia Posca, sociologist and researcher at the Socioeconomic Research and Information Institute
M me Posca refers to a study by the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) on the integration of immigrants out there a few weeks ago. This study shows that countries like Canada, Australia or New Zealand, which welcome many immigrants in proportion to their population, are quite successful in integrating them.
On the contrary, learning the language and finding a job is much more difficult for immigrants in Spain, Italy or France, argues M me Posca, even if these countries receive fewer immigrants in proportion to their “native” population.
“There is absolutely nothing, no scientific evidence that tells us that if we take less, integration will be better,” says M me Posca.
The situation is the same inside Canada, explains the researcher. The provinces that receive the most immigrants, such as Ontario, British Columbia and Quebec, manage to retain them more, unlike Nova Scotia and New Brunswick, which do not receive much and where integration is more difficult.
Is it because immigrants come together and help each other? M me Posca thinks so. “If the person comes in and finds people to help, shelter, put them in contact with employers, it’s easier.”
However, the researcher did not focus on these immigrants’ adherence to the values of the country in which they arrive, a theme dear to the Coalition avenir Québec. “It’s hard to measure. We are more in the order of perception or prejudices. ”
For the year 2019, the Caquist government decided to reduce the number of immigrants that Quebec will receive, raising the target from 50,000 to 40,000.
IRIS recommends that the government maintain the target of 50,000 landed immigrants each year, because the question of their integration should not be based on their numbers, but on the resources that the government is willing to devote to welcoming and francization.
IRIS is also concerned about Quebec’s declining demographic weight within Canada. “Limiting the influx of immigrants in population aging context appears in this sense as a rash decision,” wrote M me Posca.
The sociologist adds that the new Arrima system gives companies “excessive weight” in the selection of immigrants, because the people who will have a guarantee of employment in a Quebec company will be largely favored.
“If we are facing an economic slowdown, there will be some to say that these people are useless. It’s a very utilitarian approach to immigration. “